1The Future of GISThe Future of GIS2011 and 2025What is the state of geospatial computing today?What are the issues today?Unresolved problemsWhat will geospatial computing be like in 2025?What issues will be of concern then?Computing issues in 2011Building the cyberinfrastructureThe digital divideThe “where” of computingUser interfaces and Web 2.0/3.0Who owns software?Too much dataGeographic information technology in 2011Countering industry trends, LBSPositioning systems commonplaceGeobrowser era, and VGIMobile GISNew generation of earth imaging (e.g. webcams)Interoperability and standards
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2What will the issues be in 2025?Cyberinfrastructureaka Grid computingNSF Vision for next era of computing“integrated suite of computational engines, mass storage, networks, digital libraries and databases, sensors, software and services” (NSF, 2003). Can include human users and the user interfaceNSF (2003) Revolutionizing Science and Engineering Through Cyberinfrastructure: Report of the National Science Foundation Blue-Ribbon Advisory Panel on Cyberinfrastructure: Atkins report.Computing on the grid• Services available on demand• Independence of source•“The computer is the network”• Cloud computing•Virtual organizationsGeospatial elements of the GRID: Sensor webs