The nature of guidance and direction varies according to the types of leadership

The nature of guidance and direction varies according to the types of leadership

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The nature of guidance and direction varies according to the types of leadership.  Leadership may be broadly classified into personal and impersonal, formal and informal  as well as into autocratic an democratic. (a)  Personal leadership calls for a direct and face-to-face contact between the leader  and his followers in matters of giving guidance and direction. Supervisory managers at  the lowest level exercise personal leadership over the working personnel. But leadership  of top and middle managers over the rank and file workers becomes impersonal in  character because of their lack of direct contact. That is, guiding and directing are  effected by top and middle managers through subordinates in the shape of plans, orders  and instructions.  (b)  Formal leadership is extended to all managerial positions which are officially  recognized. But informal leadership arises spontaneously from any group of human 
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The nature of guidance and direction varies according to the types of leadership

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