introtoacidbase - Biochemistry Study of chemistry in...

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Biochemistry Study of chemistry in biological organisms Understand how the chemical structure of a molecule is determining its function
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Focus on important biochemical macromolecules amino acids ----->proteins fatty acids----->lipids nucleotides---> nucleic acids monosaccharides---> carbohydrates
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Focus on important processes Protein Function Compartmentalization/regulation Metabolism- DNA synthesis/replication
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Protein Function What is a protein’s structure and what role does it play in the body? What are some important proteins in the body? What are some key principles behind protein’s functions?
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Enzymes What are enzymes? What is the role of enzymes in an organism? How do they work?
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Lipids What are lipids and their structures What are roles of lipids
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Membranes and Transport What is the structure of a membrane? What is compartmentalization and why is it important? How can molecules and information get across a membrane?
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Carbohydrates What the structures of carbohydrates and what is their role?
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Metabolism Glycolysis, Krebs cycle, Oxidative Phosphorylation, beta oxidation How does a cell convert glucose to energy? How does a cell convert fat to energy? Roles of ATP, NAD and FAD vitamins
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Nucleic Acids What are their structures? What their functions? How do they replicate? What is the relationship between nucleic acids and proteins?
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Connecting structure and function requires chemistry Chemistry knowledge needed: Intermolecular forces Properties of water Equilibrium Acid/Base Theory Definitions Buffers Relation of structure to pH
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Connecting structure and function requires chemistry Oxidation-Reductions Thermodynamics: study of energy flow Organic functional groups Important organic reactions
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Intermolecular forces Hydrogen bonds Dipole/dipole interactions Nonpolar forces
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Dipole/Dipole interactions Polarity in molecules Polar bonds Asymmetry Positive side of one polar molecule sticks to negative side of another
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Dipole-Dipole interactions
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Hydrogen Bonding Special case of dipole dipole interaction Hydrogen covalently attached to O, N, F, or Cl sticks to an unshared pair of electrons on
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This note was uploaded on 12/28/2011 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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introtoacidbase - Biochemistry Study of chemistry in...

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