MBI 111 Articles for Report

MBI 111 Articles for Report - Joe Littman MBI 111 B

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Joe Littman MBI 111 B http://www.iol.co.za/news/south-africa/gauteng/two-deaths-as-rare-superbug-stalks-hospital- 1.1158552 Two deaths as rare superbug stalks hospital Nine private hospital patients have contracted a superbug that surfaced at Life Glynnwood Hospital in Benoni several weeks ago. And at least two people who contracted the infection have since died – but medical experts say their death is not as a direct result of the infection. The superbug – New Delhi Metallo-Beta-Lactamose (NDM1) – is resistant even to last-resort antibiotics called carbapenems, used when common antibiotics have failed. NDM1 bacterial strain are found in E coli and in Klebsiella pneumoniae and live in the gastrointestinal tract, affecting a patient’s lungs and urinary tract. The strain impacts on the body’s ability to heal itself. Three people are still under strict surveillance in a quarantined ward at the hospital, while four have been discharged. Staff and relatives of the patients quarantined have been tested to see if they were infected. The head of the outbreak response unit for hospital infections at the National Institute for Communicable Diseases, Professor Adrian Duse, said the local source of the infection was still not known. The NDM1 was carried by food and water through the mouth but also by cross-infections, from person to person. Duse explained that it was difficult to treat as this NDM1 enzyme made organisms resistant to antibiotics. The hospital, he noted, was using two antibiotics – Tigecycline and Colistin – to fight the infection. NDM1 was first detected in New Delhi, India, in 2009. Later cases were found in the UK, the US, Canada and Pakistan. In Africa, the bacteria was found in Kenya and Morocco. According to Duse, aside from the nine cases at Glynnwood Hospital, an isolated case was found at
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This note was uploaded on 12/28/2011 for the course MBI 121 taught by Professor Balish during the Fall '08 term at Miami University.

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MBI 111 Articles for Report - Joe Littman MBI 111 B

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