Mid-Term Study Guide

Mid-Term Study Guide - 1 of 8 ITS 201 Mid Term Study Guide...

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1 of 8 - ITS 201 Mid Term Study Guide Two basic forms of government and types of each - Monarchy i. Limited : Monarch s powers limited to ceremonial , . . function e g UK ii. Constitutional : Monarch powers are allocated in the ; constitution monarch has real political power but is , . . subject to the law e g Sweden iii. Absolute : ( , Monarch has absolute power above the law ), . . makes the law e g France before French Revolution - Republic i. Dictatorship : Absolute power vested in a single person who isn t a monarch ii. Oligarchy : “ ”; Rule by the few minority rule iii. Junta : Small group of military officers in charge iv. Apartheid system of South Africa : % 15 white minority ; ruled ended with first democratic elections in April 1994 v. Totalitarian systems : All power concentrated at the ( center of government centralized power of national ), . ., government e g constitutionally held by Communist , . ., , , , Party e g China former Soviet Union Cuba North Korea vi. Federal republic : ( . ., Sovereign power is formally e g ) constitutionally divided between a central authority ; constituent regions voters choose their governmental representatives ( Elements of statehood what does it take to ) be a state 1. Internationally recognized by other states 2. Political organization
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2 of 8 3. Population 4. , , Geographic territory area land 5. : & Possesses sovereignty A state is independent free from . control of another state Nation Nation : A group of people who identify with each other as a . political community : Nations are generally based on one or more , Territory , Culture Ethnicity . , Individuals belong to a nation based on a feeling of identity not legal citizenship Hegemony Hegemony : Corresponds to social power or dominance ( . ie ) Taliban in Afghanistan i. The hegemonic group is typically an elite minority with . the majority of sociopolitical power ii. Oligarchy iii. Typically a minority group but considered the majority & because of its social power influence iv. - ”: See Saw Effect Privileging one group necessarily deprives another group , The hegemonic group generally has greater access to written , : “ oral and visual media History written by the winners Economic hegemony : Dominance of one nation s economic authority over other nations Globalization Globalization involves movement , , , of peoples goods cultures . etc Corresponds to geographically expanding networks of ( ) transactions any type that may have occurred at any time The & integration interdependence , of international markets , , & . politics values environmental concerns : Includes but is not limited to , , Trade Migration , , Transportation Communication Empires Scholte s theory of globalization
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3 of 8 : Five Characteristics of Globalization i. : Internationalization & International exchange independence & Increasing interconnectedness
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Mid-Term Study Guide - 1 of 8 ITS 201 Mid Term Study Guide...

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