Reading-Melosi+-+2008+-+From+Earth+Day+to+Infrastructure+Crisis

Reading-Melosi+-+2008+-+From+Earth+Day+to+Infrastructure+Crisis

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
From Earth Dalj to Infrastructure [risis fORns SHAPInG THE nEW SAnITARV [lTV 18 I mplementation of new anitary ervice and maintena.nce of exi ting y tern faced eriou challenge after 1970 a metropohtan growth be- came more complex, urban fi cal problem deepened, and environmental concern inten ified. By the early 19 0 , there wa much talk about a loom- ing "infra tructure cri i ." Hi torian David R. Goldfield and Blaine A. Brownell have tated, "A neW era of urbanization emerged after 1970, though few American noticed it at the time. Culminating a trend begun in 1920, the 1970 cen u announced that we had become a uburban nation."1 Hi torian Jon C. Teaford added a new dimen ion to thi ob ervation by ugge ting that the urbani uburban relation hip wa orne thing quite different from pa t experience: Metropolitan America wa no longer organized around ingle dominant center ,a it had been in 1945; n ith r wa it truly polycentered, with a few readily identifiable hub . To identify metropolitan region by th name of uppo ed center wa an anachroni m, for metropolitan America wa increa _ mgly centerle . Yet it wa not a featurele prawl of indi tingui hable ele- ment or a uniform expan e of low-den tty ettlement . ... In tead it wa rich in diver ity, a hi torical accretion of ettlement pattern and life tyle that reflected the f It need of million of American of the pa t and pre ent . . . . Metropolitan America wa edg Ie and centerle .2 Core citie continued to 10 e popUlation and have their economic ba e erode. Metropoli e develop d multiple, albeit not alway clearly defined, center ; a variety of elf-contained communitie aro e on the city' mallea- ble periphery; and nonmetropolitan growth challenged traditional uburban expan ion. Southern and outhwe tern cities grew at the expen e of older urban center in the Northea t and Midwe t.] The metropolitan complex wa home to the majority of American after 197 0 . In 1975, 73 percent of the U.S. population (2I3 million) lived in metro- politan countie ; in the 19 0 , the number jumped to 86 percent (248.7 mil- lion). The 1990 cen u indicated that California wa the mo t urban state at 93 percent, while the outhern region had the large t metropolitan popula- tion. In 2000, 0.3 percent of American (226 of 2 1.4 million) lived in met- ropolitan area . Since 1990, population within metropolitan area increa ed by 14 percent, while the non metropolitan population grew by 10 percent! De pite the anticipated return of orne middle-cIa American to the central city through gentrification, population at the core continued to de- cline late into the twentieth century. S In 1986, only about 30 percent of the American population lived in central citie ; a di proportionate number were r African American and poor Latino .6 In addition, urban population ~en ity declined from 2,766 people per quare mile in 1970 to 2,141 in 1990, lndicating movement from central citie toward atellite communitie and "Out-town ." The decade of the 1970 wa ea ily the period of greate t 10 of population in central citie . However, core citie with boundarie imilar to tho e in 1950 experienced a 2.2 percent increa e ince 1990, sugge ting a mode t renai ance for core citie into the next century. A one ob erver
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/28/2011 for the course PLANNING & 10:832:101 taught by Professor Zitcher during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 8

Reading-Melosi+-+2008+-+From+Earth+Day+to+Infrastructure+Crisis

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online