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Problems Week 3

# Problems Week 3 - Problems Week 3 3—1 3—3 The human ear...

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Unformatted text preview: Problems: Week 3 3—1. 3—3. The human ear has a “drum” which is roughly circular with a diameter of 10m. If a 60dB sound wave lands on you ear how much power (energy/sec) does it deliver? Why? What is the pressure amplitude of this wave if frequency is 44OHZ? You are standing on the platform when a train travelling at 30mph passes by. If the engineer blows a horn at 300Hz what is the change in the frequency of the sound perceived by you as the engine goes by. [assume that speed of sound is 330m/sec] Suppose you are driving toward a hill at 60mph and you blow your horn at 500Hz. What is the frequency of the “echo” you will perceive as the reﬂected wave gets back to you? Why? 3-4. A piano tuner uses a tuning fork to set the wire tension for a chosen string. Initially, she tunes the “A” string by ear and sounding it along with her 440Hz fork perceives 4 beats. What are the frequencies of the sound from the string? She then tightens the string very . slightly and now hears 6 beats. What was the frequency after the initial tuning? Why? 3~5. Considel the copper penny in your pocket. How many electrons must you remove from it so it will acquire a charge of +10 9C? (e=—l.6><10‘9C) 3-6. Cu has a molar mass of 64gm and a density of 8. 95gm/cm3. We are told that it is a conductor because each Cu atom contributes one electron which is free to move How many mobile electrons would you estimate in one m3 of Cu? 3~7. In the Bohr model of the hydrogen atom the electron is in uniform circular motion around the proton, the centripetal force being due to the Coulomb force. If so, what must be the speed of the electron if the orbit radius is 0.5 x 10‘“) m (me = 9 x 10’31 kg) 3—8. The picture shows two equal positive charges q. One of them is ﬁxed at x = 0 and the other is attached to a spring and free to slide on a smooth frictionless surface. At equilibrium the separation between the gharges 1s 2mm, the spring length' 1s changed by 1mm and the spring constant is 103 N/rn (i) Is the spring squeezed or stretched? Why? (ii) Calculate q. 3—9. Two equal negative charges are suspended by two 1 = 1m long st1ings. At equilibrium the angle (9 1s 5° If theil masses are 10 3kg, what 13 q? 3~10. Two equal positive charges of SuC each of mass 0.05kg, are lying on a smooth frictionless inclined plane, ® =- 30°. The lower charge is ﬁxed. What must be their separation I if the upper charge is to be at equilibrium? 3-11. Two charges, luC and l6uC are ﬁxed at x = 0 and x = 5m. Where would you place a charge of ~5uC so that it experiences no force? Why? 3—12. A dipole consists of two equal and opposite charges i #qu located at x = Tr 0.01m. Calculate the force, magnitude and direction experienced by a charge located at (i) x = 1m, (ii) y =1m. [Express your result in terms of the dipole moment vector p = ql where magnitude of g is the charge separation, and the direction of l is from negative to a positive q.] 3—13, Two equal charges q are located at x = —a andx = +a. Show that if you place a charge —q on the y—axis at y << a it will experience a force _ Zkeqzy a If you let the negative charge go it will exhibit linear harmonic motion (i) Calculate the frequency of this motion q = lyC if, a = 1m and mass N e m2 c2 will have the same period. =10"4 kg [Ice 2 9 x 109 J . (ii) Calculate the length of a simple pendulum which m .“l‘i/l a; W 3—14. Three equal charges are symmetrically located on the circumference of a circle, as shown. What is the force experienced by a charge placed at the center? Why? 3-15. Sketch the E - ﬁeld lines for charges of + / ,uC and — ZyC placed at x = 0 and x = 1m respectively. ...
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