aluminum trends - ST/ESA/1999/DP. 5 DESA Discussion Paper...

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ST/ESA/1999/DP. 5 DESA Discussion Paper No. 5 Trends in Consumption and Production: Selected Minerals Prepared by Oleg Dzioubinski Ralph Chipman March 1999 United Nations
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DESA Discussion Paper Series DESA Discussion Papers are preliminary documents circulated in a limited number of copies and posted on the DESA web site http://www.un.org/esa/papers.htm to stimulate discussion and critical comment. This paper has not been formally edited and the designations and terminology used do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations Secretariat. Citations should refer to a “Discussion Paper of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.” Oleg Dzioubinski Ralph Chipman The authors are staff members in the Division for Sustainable Development of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Comments should be addressed to the authors, c/o Division for Sustainable Development, Rm. DC2-2284, United Nations, New York, N.Y. 10017, or by e-mail to dzioubinski@un.org or chipman@un.org. Additional copies of the paper are available from the same address. Authorized for distribution by JoAnne DiSano , Director, Division for Sustainable Development United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
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Abstract Global production of aluminium and copper has steadily increased over recent decades, while lead production has been fairly stable. Recycling has also been increasing, reducing the growth rate of primary production of aluminium and copper, and reducing primary production of lead. Despite depletion of the richest ores and a shift to less concentrated ores, advances in mining technologies have lead to generally declining, though fluctuating, metal prices. Supplies of these metals are sustainable for the foreseeable future. Sustainable development issues relate rather to energy consumption, revenue reductions for exporting countries, and health and environmental impacts.
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1 Trends in Consumption and Production: Selected Minerals Introduction The work programme of the Commission on Sustainable Development on changing consumption and production patterns, as adopted by the Commission in 1995 (E/1995/32 - E/CN.17/1995/36), includes the element, "identifying the policy implications of projected trends in consumption and consumption patterns." As part of that element, the Secretariat has been analyzing trends relating to sustainable development as a basis for identifying the policy implications of those trends. In 1997, as part of the five-year review of progress since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (Earth Summit), a report on "Critical Trends: Global Change and Sustainable Development" was prepared examining long-term historical trends and future projections in such areas as population, energy and material consumption, agriculture and food supply, water and human development (ST/ESA/255). That review provided a basis for the policy recommendations presented to the Commission on Sustainable
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This note was uploaded on 12/29/2011 for the course SCM 371 taught by Professor Tobias during the Fall '11 term at Michigan State University.

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aluminum trends - ST/ESA/1999/DP. 5 DESA Discussion Paper...

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