Unformatted text preview: nucleic acids, our vitamins are considered to be organic. (Water, oxygen, carbon dioxide and the minerals needed to sustain life are inorganic.) Our organic compounds are responsible for such things as: ± Fuel (energy to do cell work and keep us alive) ± Structure ± Metabolism ± Fuel Storage ± Genetic Information Before understanding the structure of the major groups of compounds of living organisms, we should first study the element, carbon, what a hydrocarbon is, and also study the molecules called functional groups, which bond to hydrocarbons, altering the chemical nature of the resulting compound. Properties of Carbon • Carbon is one of the atoms (elements) that forms covalent bonds (joins with other atoms) to become stable. Each carbon atom makes 4 bonds • Carbon may make bonds with other carbon atoms forming chains, branching chains or rings of linked carbon atoms....
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This note was uploaded on 12/29/2011 for the course BIO 151 taught by Professor Edwards during the Spring '10 term at SUNY Stony Brook.
- Spring '10