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BiologicalMolecules160-page2

BiologicalMolecules160-page2 - methanol alcohol Hydrocarbon...

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Biological Molecules - 2 Carbon may also bond to different kinds of atoms, most notably hydrogen. In fact, the basic carbon compound is a hydrocarbon, formed from carbon and hydrogen. Properties of Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons, like carbon, typically vary in: The number of carbons on the chain Straight, branching chains or ring compounds What is attached to the carbon chain Most hydrocarbons have very similar properties. For example the C—H bond is energy rich; so hydrocarbons make good fuels (methane, propane, butane,
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Unformatted text preview: methanol, alcohol) Hydrocarbon variations that differ only in the arrangement of atoms are called isomers. Isomers are very important in biology, and we shall see many examples of isomers. There are three types of isomers: structural, geometric and enantiomers. (We don't need to worry much about these details in Biology 101, though.) • Structural isomers vary in their covalent bonding arrangement....
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