Unformatted text preview: Two common ring shapes are the "chair" and the "boat" The major compounds of living organisms are modifications of hydrocarbons with something (very precise) added. These atoms or molecules are called functional groups, because they change how the hydrocarbon functions and gives it properties of a carbohydrate, or lipid or protein, etc. Functional Groups The functional groups are molecular fragments which, when substituted for one or more hydrogen atoms in a hydrocarbon, confer particular chemical properties to the new compound. The functional group can be said to determine the "behavior" of the molecule. Once you have learned the properties of some functional groups, the major compounds of living organisms are easy!...
View Full Document
- Spring '10
- Atom, Molecule, Chemical bond, eometric isomers share