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Unformatted text preview: Humans cannot digest oligosaccharides, but the bacteria in our intestines can. Their digestive by-products are often gaseous, something we associate with the consumption of foods that contain oligosaccharides. Our red blood cell coatings that give us our blood types are also oligosaccharide based. Structure of the monosaccharide Chemically, monosaccharides contain: Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen The ratio of atoms in a monosaccharide is: (CH 2 O) e.g. C n (H 2 O) n C 6 H 12 O 6 C 3 H 6 O 3 The functional groups of monosaccharides are: OH Hydroxyl =O Carbonyl However the arrangement of atoms in the monosaccharide is important. Each monosaccharide is constructed with the following rules: 1. Make a carbon chain 2. Attach the carbonyl group to 1 of the carbon atoms 3. Attach hydroxyl groups to the remaining carbon atoms 4. All remaining open carbon bonds will have hydrogen atoms attached...
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- Spring '10