Introduction160-page5

Introduction160-page5 - When possible science uses...

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Introduction - 5 Scientific Principles A Scientific Principle is an idea supported by repeated experiments and observations. The assumptions behind which scientific principles are based have been thoroughly tested and found valid over many years. How the Scientific Process Works: Find something about which you are curious. Make observations and ask questions based on your observations to produce a "model" or preliminary explanation for your question. Based on your observations and model, make a testable hypothesis (reasoned guess) by using the information available to make a general statement (called the hypothesis). Predict what will happen if the hypothesis is correct Test the hypothesis by models, experiments and/or observations.
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Unformatted text preview: When possible, science uses controlled experiments. Science also uses comparative data, looking for patterns in nature that are consistent with predictions. Data may be quantitative, such as measurements, or qualitative, in the form of descriptions of phenomena observed. • Repeat tests to see if results are consistent with the hypothesis. • Objectively note results and draw conclusions. Conclusions may support the hypothesis or not support the hypothesis. The purpose of scientific inquiry is to find answers, but not to find only those answers that support the original idea. Examine alternative hypotheses in the same manner....
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