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Burgess (2004) Asset Redistribution land reform – prominent in 60s & 70s as mechanism for achieving “redistri- bution with growth” ? (Chenery et. al.) However limited rigorous quantitative analysis of effectiveness Mao’s Legacy: Access to Land and Hunger in Modern China link between land scarcity and hunger – key platform for political parties in low income countries – motivation for land reform – “land to the tiller” programs Mao’s rallying call – landlords and rich peasants own 70% to 80% of land but constitute less than 10% of population Mao comes to power on the back of radical land reforms supported by poor peasants and agricultural laborers who make up most of the popula- tion – Feudal power relationships in agriculture destroyed idea of paper’s Frst part: use household data to look at how land is allocated to households in a rich and a poor province in 1990 – land owned by village governments is allocated to households on the basis of their demographic composition which is a proxy for nutritional
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Unformatted text preview: need. Key inding : universal and egalitarian access to land Maos legacy dis-tinguishes China from most other low income countries Politically stability observed both in poor and rich province 12 years after onset of market reforms idea of papers second part: study the pathways though which access to land can affect hunger and exploit non-market allocation to trace these out in household data land generates income and, if food markets are incomplete, serves as a source of cheaper calories relative to the market Paper shows that this latter own-price effect is empirically important but diminishes with market development These results indicate that Maos legacy of universal and egalitarian access to land represents a key means of avoiding hunger helps us to under-stand how China has managed to escape the high levels of hunger which typify low income countries events in China cannot be replicated else-Development Economics, LSE Summer School 2007 84...
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This note was uploaded on 12/29/2011 for the course ECO 307 taught by Professor Dublin during the Spring '10 term at SUNY Stony Brook.

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