File2-page153 - Duflo(2001 Human Capital(ii Expand use of...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Duflo (2001) Human Capital (ii) Expand use of social funds.: Have communities directly bid for fiscal resources to carry out particular health and education projects Their key feature is that they draw respectively on the strengths of government, community organisations and NGOs and the private sector Local community (often assisted by NGOs) help identify, design and implement health and education projects which match their needs – local communities identify where interventions are needed and participate directly in design and implementation – local information and capacity is thus directly drawn upon to better tailor project design to local needs and direct participation of the local community helps to improve the sustainability and targeting effectiveness of projects Government provides financing, monitors the projects and ensures that the operation and maintenance of projects is adequate – by deciding where social funds are invested it also retains its redistributive function The private sector provides technical expertise, materials, labour and organisation skills to implement the projects – through competitive bidding between private firms to provide these inputs project costs are kept down (ii) Promote involvement of non-state actors. The rise in involvement of non-governmental organisations in health and education has been one of the most striking changes in the economic organisation of developing countries. Forces behind the growth of this sector – similar to those that have driven decentralisation (i) budgetary pressures placed on government by structural adjustment and other sources of macroeconomic retrenchment (ii) the need to overcome corruption and inefficiency in service provision (iii) the growth of democracy making government more responsive to civil society rationale for giving NGOs a larger role in social protection is grounded on the idea that they may have a comparative advantage over Development Economics, LSE Summer School 2007 150 ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online