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File2-page188 - Intra-household Allocation If all household...

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Intra-household Allocation If all household members not treated equally, e.g., women get less than men, girls less than boys or if children and the elderly systematically worse off than other household members, then social welfare is overstated and inequality is understated. Where does evidence of biases in intra-household allocation come from, e.g., demography/census data, We find significantly more men than women (relative to what we would expect on biological grounds) in certain parts of the world (e.g. South Asia, East Asia). The missing women (Sen etc.) taken as evidence of gender discrimination. Also in demographic data, we find big differences between male and fe- male mortality rates in early life and lower female life expectancy – may help to explain skewed sex ratios. In unconstrained populations, more males survive early life but have shorter life expectancy. This gives us male to female ratio in the overall population of around 0.95 (105 females for every 100 males). In contrast, China has a
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