File2-page212 - Ethnic Diversity Social Sanctions and...

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Social Networks Table 1: Ethnic Diversity across Geographic Divisions in Busia and Teso districts, in 1962 and 1996 Geographic division Name in 1962 Proportion of largest residential ethnic group (Group in parentheses) 1962 1996 (Pupil Questionnaire data) Budalangi Bunyala 0.99 (Luhya) 0.94 (Luhya) Funyula Samia 0.98 (Luhya) 0.94 (Luhya) Butula Marachi 0.92 (Luhya) 0.86 (Luhya) Amukura/Chakol South Teso 0.92 (Teso) 0.87 (Teso) Angurai/Amagoro North Teso 0.87 (Teso) 0.86 (Teso) Nambale/Matayos Bukhayo 0.68 (Luhya) 0.76 (Luhya) Notes: The 1962 data is from the 1962 Kenyan Census (Government of Kenya 1965). The 1996 data is from the ICS Pupil Questionnaire, which relies on self-described ethnic affiliation. there are limitations on collective action. Lack of social capital could possibly also be caused by civil conFict or war. Economics of conFict is a big new area of economic research. Paul Collier at Oxford has looked at the role of polarisation.
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Unformatted text preview: Ethnic Diversity, Social Sanctions and Public Goods in Kenya Ethnicity is the primary cleavage in Kenyan society. The exogeniety of land settlement patterns is the basis of the identi±cation strategy in the paper. Ethnic land claims frozen by colonial authorities. Relatively stable distribution in post-colonial period, i.e., people could not choose where to live. (See Table 1) Zonal ELF is outside the choice set of citizens. However, there may still be some scope to chose between schools, which would affect the school ELF but not the zonal ELF . Data Two districts of western Kenya, Busia and Teso. Zonal EL² and school EL², calculated across tribes and across sub-tribes. Luhya (67%) – Bantu tribe, Teso (26%) and Luo (5%) – tribes with pastoralist traditions. Public goods information on 100 schools in Busia and Teso. The focus is on total local school funding per pupil in 1995. Two data sources: Development Economics, LSE Summer School 2007 209...
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