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Social Networks Table 6: Ethnic Diversity Impacts, Controlling for Ethnic Population Shares Dependent variable: Total local primary school funds collected per pupil in 1995 (Kenyan Shillings) Explanatory variable (1) OLS (2) OLS (3) IV-2sls (4) IV-2sls (5) OLS (6) OLS (7) IV-2sls (8) IV-2sls Zonal ELF across tribes -185.7 ** (77.9) -189.1 ** (77.5) School ELF across tribes -216.4 ** (88.4) -209.4 ** (96.1) 1 – (Proportion largest ethnic group in zone) -222.0 ** (82.9) -187.9 ** (81.3) 1 – (Proportion largest ethnic group in school) -264.8 *** (93.9) -239.7 ** (110.4) Proportion Luhya pupils -196.5 (393.8) -136.4 (415.7) -56.3 (370.5) -87.0 (410.9) Proportion Teso pupils -247.3 (366.6) -184.8 (386.2) -120.1 (343.9) -142.7 (381.4) Root MSE 96.7 94.7 105.5 104.0 97.2 95.0 104.8 102.4 R 2 0.06 0.12 - - 0.06 0.12 - - Number of schools 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 Mean dep. variable 152.6
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Unformatted text preview: 152.6 152.6 152.6 152.6 152.6 152.6 152.6 Notes: Huber robust standard errors in parentheses. Significantly different than zero at 90% (*), 95% (**), 99% (***) confidence. Observations are assumed to have independent error terms across geographic zones, but not necessarily within zones. Ethno-linguistic fractionalization is defined as 1 – ¦ i (Proportion of Ethno-linguistic group i in the population) 2 . School ELF across tribes and the proportion of the largest ethnic group in the school consider Luhyas a single group. Geographic division indicators and socioeconomic controls are not included in any of the specifications in this table. The instrumental variable in regressions 3 and 4 is Zonal ELF across tribes, and in regressions 7 and 8 is 1 – (Proportion largest ethnic group in zone). Development Economics, LSE Summer School 2007 214...
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