File2-page236 - Besley & Ghatak (Mimeo)...

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Decentralisation and NGOs sense of the project belonging to the community and locals involved in administration may learn valuable skills and are more likely to stay with the project. It is also likely, that these individuals are easier to monitor and more accountable to the local community. Provision is likely to more effective if it is in the hands of groups of local individuals who directly value social protection within the locality. Local providers may also likely have greater latitude to experiment with differ- ent methods of delivery as compared to a central agency. The problems with these arguments is that they are based on the following set of conditions, which may not hold in reality. (i) There needs to be a set of institutions which are willing to take on the social protection function. In reality, this may not be the case and devolv- ing responsibility for social protection into an institutional vacuum can be disastrous. (ii) The assumption that institutions to which the social protection function
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