Besley & Ghatak (Mimeo)Decentralisation and NGOspublic services and taxes and devolution of power began here in 1979. Inpart, due to years of collective action, decentralisation took place againsta background of reasonably well functioning local institutions. For e.g.,there is egalitarian access to agricultural land at the village level.This,almost unique institutional feature serves as a basic form of social pro-tection and underlies China’s achievements in constraining poverty andundernutrition in the countryside.Despite these achievements in maintaining a reasonably equitable alloca-tion of resources at the village level, the decentralisation of local publicservices, which also forms an important part of social protection systemin rural and urban problem has run into problems for the following twomain reasons:(i) Decentralisation of power over spending has only been to the provincialas opposed to lower (country, village) levels of government.
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Public services, Deng Xiaoping, social services, social protection