lectur17-page23 - related to wheat is to control the volume...

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23 Farm Programs Based on a Supreme Court ruling in 1943, our Constitution does allow direct government control of agriculture. However, recognizing that direct government control may not be politically palatable to the citizenry, agricultural producers are essentially “bribed” by government to cut production. Government offers producers guaranteed prices for their commodities and direct treasury subsidies in return for “cooperation.” In Wickard v. Filburn decided upon by the Supreme Court November 9, 1942 with one justice dissenting, ruled that the government did have a Constitutional right to control agricultural production by virtue of the Commerce Clause of the Constitution. "The general scheme of the Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 as
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Unformatted text preview: related to wheat is to control the volume moving in interstate and foreign commerce in order to avoid surpluses and shortages and the consequent abnormally low or high wheat prices and obstructions to commerce." The present Chief Justice has said in summary of the present state of the law: 'The commerce power is not confined in its exercise to the regulation of commerce among the states. It extends to those activities intrastate which so affect interstate commerce, or the exertion of the power of Congress over it, as to make regulation of them appropriate means to the attainment of a legitimate end, the effective execution of...
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