Unit 2 Assignment 1-Final.docx - What is ABA Amanda A...

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What is ABA?Amanda A. OrellanaCapella University
Running Header: What is ABA?IntroductionApplied Behavior Analysis (ABA) is a scientific approach to understanding behavior. This technique is a type of therapy that focuses on applying these empirical methods using principles of learning to change the behavior of social significance through experimentation to identify the variables responsible for the behavior change (Cooper et al., 2020). ABA was built on seven dimensions that originated back in 1968 and are essential today when creating an effective behavior intervention program, which ensures to be data-driven and supported by research. These seven dimensions of ABA areGenerality, Effective, Technological, Applied, Conceptually Systematic, Analytic, and Behavioral (Baer, et al., 1968). Each of the dimensions contains a specific principle that every behavior analytic study must include. This assignment will look at two studies that will be analyzed and then determined whether they are behavior analytic.Article OneIn the article written by Krentz, Miltenberger, and Valbuena called “Using Token Reinforcement to Increase Walking for Adults With Intellectual Disabilities” in 2016, a study was conducted by doing what the title of the article suggests, which is using tokens as reinforcements to increase walking for adults with intellectual disabilities. During this study, they evaluated and assessed the effectiveness of the token reinforcement by using ABAB reversal design for increasing distance walked for adults intellectual disabilities (Krentz,et al., 2016). This article has shown to contain all seven dimensions of ABA, making it behavior analytic. Generality is the first dimension identified since it focuses on observant behavior, such as increasing the distance that the adult can walk. Walking is an overt behavior, which can be observed in all environments. The overall study wants a 2

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