chapter 11 - Chapter 11 Personality Personality Personality...

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Chapter 11 Personality
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Personality Personality An individual’s unique and relatively consistent patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. Personality Theory A theory that attempts to describe and explain similarities and differences in people’s pattern of thinking, feeling and behaving. Four Perspectives of Personality Psychoanalytic Humanistic
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Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis Psychoanalytic theory stresses the influence of unconscious mental processes, the importance of sexual and aggressive instincts and the enduring effects of early childhood experiences. Hysteria Physical symptoms without physical cause Overdetermined – multiple unconscious causes Free Association- Spontaneously report uncensored thoughts, mental images and feelings as they come to mind
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Freud’s Theory of Personality Personality is the constant interplay between conflicting psychological forces which operate at three levels Preconscious Conscious Unconscious
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The Structure of Personality Id Primitive instincts and reservoir of psychic energy Pleasure principle Ego Deals with the demands of reality Reality principle
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Defense Mechanisms Conflict between the id, ego, and superego results in anxiety Defense mechanisms reduce anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality Repression Foundation for all defense mechanisms Push unacceptable impulses out of awareness Displacement Emotional impulses are redirected to a substitute object or person
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Psychosexual Stages Oral Stage: 0-18 Months Infant’s pleasure centers on the mouth Anal Stage: 18-36 Months Child’s pleasure involves eliminative functions Phallic Stage: 3-6 Years Child’s pleasure focuses on the genitals Oedipal complex Castration anxiety
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Psychosexual Stages Latency Stage: 6 Years - Puberty Psychic “time-out”
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chapter 11 - Chapter 11 Personality Personality Personality...

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