MCCh5[1] - Chapter 5 Learning What is learning Learning A...

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Chapter 5 Learning
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What is learning? Learning A relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs through experience Significance of animal research Associative Learning / Conditioning Observational Learning
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a) Students will pair up and decide who will be the subject and who will be the experimenter. The subject will sit and relax for 2 minutes. He will then take his pulse for 30 seconds, multiply by two, and record this as his "resting pulse." b) The experimenter will tap a pencil five times on the desk and immediately have the subject stand up and hop on one leg for 30 seconds. He will take his pulse rate again, double it and record it as "Hop #1." This procedure will be repeated four more times, and data recorded each time. c) Now the subject will sit and relax until his pulse returns to the initial resting pulse rate. The experimenter will then tap the pencil five times and the subject will take his pulse without having to hop. He will record the data.
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Classical Conditioning: Terminology Helps to explain involuntary behavior Neutral Stimulus (NS) Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Unconditioned Response (UCR) Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Conditioned Response (CR)
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Classical Conditioning: Pavlov NS – Sound of Pavlov’s bell (prior to pairings with meat powder) Unlearned / Reflexive UCS – Meat powder UCR – Dog salivates Learned CS – Sound of Pavlov’s bell CR – Dog salivates
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Classical Conditioning: Pavlov
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Classical Conditioning Practice Pamela is walking her child at the mall and a lady walks by and stops to see the baby. The lady has a shiny, noisy bangle of bracelets that are the same as the ones Pamela wears. When the lady reaches down to pat the baby on the head, the bangles make noise and the baby starts suckling noises.
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Rachel’s boyfriend always wore a certain kind of cologne that she was allergic to. When he came over she would start sneezing. A couple of weeks after they had broken up, Rachel was at the mall and ran into her boyfriend’s identical twin brother. When he came up to see her and say hello she started sneezing.
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