MCCh7 - Chapter 7 Thinking, Intelligence, & Language...

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Chapter 7 Thinking, Intelligence, & Language
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Cognition General term that refers to the mental activities involved in acquiring, retaining and using knowledge.
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Thinking Thinking involves manipulating mental representations of information in order to draw inferences and conclusions. Involves active mental processes and is usually goal directed.
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A mental image is a mental representation of objects or events that are not physically present. A concept is a mental category we have formed to group objects, events, or situations that share similar features or characteristics. Often organize concepts into hierarchies Concept formation Formal concept Natural concept
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Problem solving Problem solving refers to thinking and behavior directed toward attaining a goal that is not readily available. Strategies Trial and Error Algorithms Heuristics Insight & Intuition
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Problem solving Obstacles Functional fixedness-view objects as functioning only in
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MCCh7 - Chapter 7 Thinking, Intelligence, & Language...

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