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Sophia Human BiologyMilestone 51Which definition best suits pancreatic islets?Cells of the pancreas that secrete somatostatinCells of the pancreas that secrete insulinGroups of all three types of pancreatic cellsCells of the pancreas that secrete glucagonCONCEPTPancreatic Hormones2Which of the following is most likely the cause of Graves' disease?Higher than normal levels of parathyroid hormone in the blood
Lower than normal levels of parathyroid hormone in the bloodLower than normal levels of thyroid hormones in the bloodHigher than normal levels of thyroid hormones in the bloodCONCEPTThyroid and Parathyroid3What is the outer part of the adrenal gland called?Adrenal cortexAdrenal medullaAdrenal dermisAdrenal bodyCONCEPTAdrenal Glands
4Which part of the large intestine is analogous to the urinary bladder?RectumAnusDescending colonAppendixCONCEPTLarge Intestine5Which part of the digestive system primarily absorbs nutrients?MouthPharynx
StomachSmall intestineCONCEPTDigestion6Which organ secretes fructose that is used by sperm as an energy source?Seminal vesicleProstate glandVas deferensEpididymisCONCEPTMale Reproductive System7Which of the following statements about aging is true?