This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.
PHYS171
Exam 3 practice
Fall 2011
Name: _____________________
Student ID #: ________
1
Short Answer Questions
1) You need to launch an object at sufficient velocity so that it entirely escapes the earth’s
gravitation field (i.e., at escape velocity).
To minimize the energy required it is better to
(a) launch from the highest mountain accessible (b) launch from the deepest valley
accessible (c) it doesn’t matter, why?
(5 points)
You must generate kinetic energy to propel you to a higher potential energy state.
If you
start from a higher altitude your potential is higher to begin with, so a smaller increase in
potential energy is necessary.
Answer is (a)
2) You have a slingshot that launches an object at a fixed velocity.
Standing on the roof
of this building, you must use it to launch your iPhone so that it lands on the ground
below, at which point you can assume it comes instantly to rest.
To minimize the risk of
damage, should you (a) launch it straight up (b) launch it straight down (c) launch it
horizontally (d) it does not matter.
Why? (5 points)
If damage depends only on change in velocity it does not matter what direction the phone
is thrown.
After falling a height
h
the kinetic energy increases by
mgh
, so the final speed
is the same independent of the initial direction.
3)
A baseball bat is 1 meter long, and weighs 0.75 kg.
What is the effective moment of
intertia when a baseball player swings the bat (10 points)?
The bat can be approximated as a thin rod, with angular momentum ML
2
/12 around the
center of mass.
The bat is swung around its end, so we should correct this using the
parallel axis theorem, which gives ML
2
/3.
The moment of inertia is therefore (0.75
kg)(1 m)
2
/3 = 0.25 kg m
2
.
4) One cylinder rolls down an inclined plane without slipping and a second identical
cylinder slides down the same inclined plane without friction.
Which cylinder’s center of
mass is moving faster when it reaches the bottom of the inclined plane. (a) rolling of (b)
sliding.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.
View Full Document
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
to
access the rest of the document.
This note was uploaded on 12/29/2011 for the course PHYSICS 171 taught by Professor La porta during the Fall '11 term at Maryland.
 Fall '11
 LA PORTA
 mechanics, Energy

Click to edit the document details