Enlightenment - loose construction of the Constitution,...

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Enlightenment - ∙ The Enlightenment was an intellectual movement that began in  Europe during the seventeenth century, and stressed the values of humanism and  rationality over divine principles.  Entail - ∙ Entail, a long-standing institution in British law, outlined a codified inheritance  pattern within an immediate family structure rather than allowing the deceased to  disperse property according to preference via an itemized will. Jefferson attacked and  dismantled the institution of entail in the late 1770s.  Essex Junto - ∙ The Essex Junto was a group of New England secessionists that  congealed in opposition to the Embargo Act during Jefferson's Second Administration.  Federalist Party - ∙ The Federalist Party came together in the 1790s under the  leadership of Alexander Hamilton. Supporters of a strong central government and the 
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Unformatted text preview: loose construction of the Constitution, they advanced the powers of the federal government under the executive leadership of Presidents George Washington and John Adams. Upon losing executive power to Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans in 1801, the Federalists watched as the new establishment proceeded to subsume many of their ideals and positions, gradually extinguishing the cause of Federalism into a distant memory. House of Burgesses - The House of Burgesses was a legislative body established in 1619, for the purpose of granting a measure of autonomy to colonists in the Commonwealth of Virginia. It was overseen by a royal governor and ultimately subject to the power of Parliament and the British monarch....
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