Intending only to return for a sabbatical

Intending only to return for a sabbatical - in Jefferson...

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Intending only to return for a sabbatical, Jefferson found himself detained in the United  States when President George Washington chose him as the first Secretary of State.  Jefferson served in this capacity for the duration of Washington s first term, but found  himself increasingly at odds with the Secretary of Treasury, Alexander Hamilton. Out of  their ideological differences, the first two political parties emerged, with the Federalists  supporting a strong national government behind Hamilton and the Democratic- Republicans supporting strong states rights behind Jefferson. Following another two year retirement at Monticello, Jefferson was thrust back into the  political spotlight when he ran for President against the Federalist candidate John  Adams. Suffering a narrow defeat, Jefferson assumed the role of Vice President, which  he treated lightly and somewhat cavalierly. In opposition to the administration he served 
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Unformatted text preview: in, Jefferson secretly authored a treatise against the expanding powers of the federal government, later known as the Kentucky Resolutions. In the election of 1800, Jefferson again faced Adams but this time emerged victorious, after a protracted electoral controversy between him and his eventual Vice President, Aaron Burr. Jefferson's Presidency was characterized by a gradual shift toward strong federalist initiatives, which increased the power of the executive branch and of the national government writ large. Most prominent among these policy decisions were the Louisiana Purchase, which doubled the size of the United States just as it transformed it into an unwitting empire, and later the Embargo Act, which unsuccessfully attempted to put a chokehold on all foreign trade and instead put a severe crimp in the American economy....
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This note was uploaded on 12/28/2011 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Womer during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

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