1567403482691_Case Study.docx - INFECTIOUS CONJUNCTIVITIS 1...

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INFECTIOUS CONJUNCTIVITIS1CASE STUDY: INFECTIOUS CONJUNCTIVITISStudent name (LAST NAME first name):Student number:Campus:Tutorial session (time and room no.):Tutor’s name:1.Background of the case study (Total: 5 marks)1.1What is infectious conjunctivitis?It is the inflammation of the conjunctiva characterized by tearing, discharge, or redness which is usually caused by bacteria or viruses(Alfonso, Fawley, & Lu, 2015). 1.2Of the four micro-organismslisted below, justify which one is more likely to be the cause of John’s eye infection. Indicate why the other micro-organisms from the list are least likely to cause the infection. Legionella pneumophilaYes or no, with reason:No, this is because despite Legionella pneumophilais a bacterium, it causes lung inflammation and other risk disorders such as respiratory failure, septic shock, and acute kidney failure. It does not cause eye-related disorders(Marieb, Elaine, & Hoeb, 2019).Plasmodium ovaleYes or no, with reason:
INFECTIOUS CONJUNCTIVITIS2No, this is because Plasmodium ovale causes malaria, which is a tropical disease unrelated to infectious conjunctivitis (Marieb, Elaine, & Hoeb 2019).AdenovirusYes or no, with reason:Yes, this is because Adenovirus causes a wide range of disorders including the pink eye (conjunctivitis). It is highly infectious, and it infects the lining of the eyes(Marieb, Elaine, & Hoeb (2019).Staphylococcus aureusYes or no, with reason:Yes, Staphylococcus aureusis a major pathogen causing eye-related illness as it infects vitreous chamber, posterior and anterior chambers, cornea, conjunctiva, andeyelids(Marieb, Elaine, & Hoeb 2019). 2.Mechanism of action and adverse reactions (Total: 5 marks) 2.1Describe the mechanism of action of gentamicin? The mechanism of gentamicin, a bactericidal antibiotic, performs its function by binding specific 30S subunit proteins (ribosome), thus affecting protein synthesis negatively(Alfonso, Fawley, & Lu, 2015). The prime mechanism of action works through unmasking the ability of ribosome to differentiate appropriate messenger RNA and transfer RNA interactions. Usually, if there is unappropriated pairing of

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