History201FinalReview

History201FinalReview - Wireless password for FHSSWireless...

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Wireless password for FHSSWireless in JFSB basement: byuwireless Final Review History 201 *which culture? *what IS it? *why is it important? 2Causality - is the relationship between an event (the cause ) and a second event (the effect ), where the second event is understood as a consequence of the first. Mimesis- humans want to copy each other. Monkey see monkey do. Historical diffusion - the spread of ideas from one culture to another, often facilitated by trade Unit 8: Classical Greece [WC 87-111] Classical Greece Thalassocracy- rule of the sea. (Greeks, British, Vikings were) dominate trade routes, etc Mycenaean - Aryan bronze age warbands; “dark age” - declines of literacy and cities Troy - Located in modern day Turkey, a factual and legendary city which was the focus of the Trojan War described by Homer in the Iliad. The city called Ilium is now located there. city-state (polis) - Cities were independent states. The center of everything - temples, marketplace, theaters, stadiums, gymnasium, public assemblies. Greek democracy- only adult male citizens with certain amount of wealth and who performed military service could vote -poor people weren’t allowed to vote because they were ignorant and people thought they would be bribed -large governing councils with rotating membership -smaller executive councils with elective membership -direct democracy, no representation
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Golden Age - height of Greek success; after Persian Wars but before Peloponnesian Wars. City states and limited democracy. Traders and merchants (maritime). Great philosophers, literary/architectural figures flourished. Causes include values, wealth, patronage (aimed products to lowest denomination), slavery (1/4 of population was slaves), and conquests (conquer, steal, enslave) Cultural heritage everything in the west was from Greeks. literature, government, architecture, etc. Athens: burned by persians; democratic society; naval power Sparta- focused on military and conquering other people; kingship society *oligarchic Persian Wars- Wars between Greece and Persia. The first war ended with Athens defeating Persia at the battle of Marathon. The second war was largely won by Sparta and Athens. The city of Athens was sacked, but Xerxes and his army were eventually defeated. Peloponnesian Wars: Ancient Greek war fought by Athens against the Peloponnesians (led by Spartans) Hellenistic Age Macedonia - Territory to north of Mainland Greece. Eventually conquer Greeks and then Persia. Alexander was Macedonian. United the Greeks through military dominance Alexander the Great - Invades Persia, leading to the collapse of Persia; destroyed the old order leading to Greek dominance. Brought political disunity because there was no heir. spread Hellenism
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History201FinalReview - Wireless password for FHSSWireless...

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