RUTGERS INTRO Wk 13

RUTGERS INTRO Wk 13 - CRITICAL ISSUES IN POLICING CHAPTER 7...

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CRITICAL ISSUES IN POLICING CHAPTER 7 The Terrorism Phenomenon: A World Engaged
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INTRODUCTION Undoubtedly the events of September 11, 2001 marked the turning pointing the American public perception of terrorism. For most people in the United States, terrorism had been viewed as something that happened somewhere else, and despite the initial warnings related to the previous World Trade Center and Alfred Murrah bombings, most people considered the United States insulated from anything other than random and sporadic actions of a few radicals.
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THE ROLE OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE COMMUNITY Five key factors affect the level of potential terrorism threats to America: United States predominance in world economic, political, and military affairs. The proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction. The rise of Islamic extremism and violent nationalism aimed as U.S. citizens abroad. The increasing terrorist use of global mobility and sophisticated communication systems The worldwide expansion of uncontrolled criminality and organized crime.
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ASSESSING THE THREAT From the criminal justice perspective, the rapid expansion of security efforts is but one indication that the way we live has been changed forever. Further it is obvious that virtually every aspect of our lives in a democratic society will come under some form of scrutiny. Terrorism is not a new phenomenon and countries throughout the world have been living with this threat in one way or another for decades.
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ASSESSING THE THREAT A new script for terrorism has been written with the recognition of the following: The weapons of terrorism are not just bombs and guns but things we use everyday including planes, trucks, mail, food and infrastructure. Large scale loss of life creates widespread psychological stress and to some degree overreaction from authorities. Major attacks cause people change the way they live, affecting not only the quality of life but also the career choices of youth. Issues of victim services and compensation have gained national attention.
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ASSESSING THE THREAT A recent United States Department of defense report on international and domestic terrorism concluded that: The nations borders are easily penetrated. Terrorist cells could infiltrate easily with nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. The United States should reduce the number of its military bases. The military should place greater emphasis on terrorism. Computerized information systems and satellites are vulnerable. Weapons of Mass Destruction are a real threat. The Coast Guard should prepare to defend against cruise missiles Local authorities should be trained in chemical and weapons detection, defense, and decontamination.
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THE ACTORS Briefly, on an international level, those carrying out attack on American interests are likely to be individuals operating on behalf of a group, organization, or government. Within the United States, currently no
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This note was uploaded on 01/02/2012 for the course CRIMINAL J 201 taught by Professor Scezjner during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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RUTGERS INTRO Wk 13 - CRITICAL ISSUES IN POLICING CHAPTER 7...

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