Transnational Television in Europe notes

Transnational Television in Europe notes - Transnational...

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1 Transnational Television in Europe The Role of Pan-European Channels Chalaby, Jean K., European Journal Of Communication, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 183-203, June 2002 z Process of decentralization has seen the development of television at an infra -national level (regional & local level). – complex local and regional television broadcasting systems have emerged… out of the pre-existing national – and public –broadcasting structures. Decentralization And Transnationalization In European Television Transnational Television In Europe z Two decades on, there are more than 100 transnational channels operating across Europe and approximately 80 of them hold a license from the British Independent Television Commission (ITC) One of the main conditions is that broadcasters must be based in the UK, making London the European centre for transnational television.
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2 Transnational Television In Europe z ITC rules on sponsorship and advertising are less rigid than those of most European countries, thus allowing ITC licensees to circumvent national regulations in the countries in which they broadcast. z Channels registered with the ITC have escaped censorship in their countries of origin in this way, as is the case with several Arab channels. Transnational Television In Europe z European cross-border television is essentially composed of ethnic channels that service a specific Diaspora (displaced ethnic group). – SAT-7, an Arab Christian channel based in Oxfordshire, TVBS, broadcasting Chinese news and entertainment, ZEE TV, providing Indian news, movies and entertainment, and Sima TV, on Persian news and culture. Transnational Television In Europe z Among the transnational channels that are pan- European in scope,17 are particularly prominent. They have a strong distribution in at least five European countries and a commitment to international expansion. z European public broadcasters also wished to be present in the international news market. Both BBC World and Euronews were launched in answer to CNN. z Arte, BBC Prime, BBC World, Bloomberg, Cartoon Network,CNBC, CNN International, Discovery, Euronews, Eurosport, Fox Kids,MTV, National Geographic, Sky News, TV5, Universal Studios Networks and VH1. z All but five of the channels are registered with the ITC z On average, these channels broadcast to 24 European territories and are received in nearly 40 million European households
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3 Transnational Television In Europe z The integration of the European media market is backed by the European Commission. Its main initiative in broadcasting regulation, the Television Without Frontiers Directive, was adopted in October 1989 and came into effect in 1991.
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This note was uploaded on 12/31/2011 for the course MMC 3303 taught by Professor Surisc during the Fall '10 term at FIU.

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Transnational Television in Europe notes - Transnational...

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