Lessons from Russia notes

Lessons from Russia notes - Lessons from Russia A...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Lessons from Russia A Neo-Authoritarian Media System European Journal Of European Journal Of Communication, June 2004 Communication, June 2004 Current Critics ± Russia is one of five countries on the International Press Institute’s Watch List of countries ‘endangered with becoming repressive’ (International Press Institute) Current Critics ± President Putin made the Committee to Protect Journalists’ ‘Ten Worst Enemies of the Press’ list for 2001, joining an ignominious group including Iranian spiritual leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Liberian president Charles Taylor, Zimbabwe’s president Robert Mugabe and Cuban leader Fidel Castro (Committee to Protect Journalists, 2002). ± In its 2001 annual report, the media rights organization Reporters sans Fronti`eres described Putin’s anti-media actions as ‘too grotesque to be true’, and they named him one of the world’s ‘predators of press freedom’
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Democratic Media Systems ± It is the responsibility of a mass political media system to provide information to citizens to participate in processes of governance. ± In such a system, the population must have access to the media; there must be a significant degree of pluralism in all media, either internal or external; the press should reflect different views and ideologies; and the press must not be under the control of the state or under the control ofsuch a limited number of private owners that pluralism is limited. Democratic Media Systems Negatives Within Russian Media ± …increasing ‘soft news’ and infotainment, stultifying notions of objectivity, overreliance on ‘official sources’ and excessive cynicism. Many of these phenomena are linked to the growing media concentration in corporate hands and cumulatively, they are hypothesized to have a negative impact on civic engagement Democratic Media Systems Positives Within Russian Media ± …in pre-Putin Russia media concentration strengthened the capacity of commercial stations to ‘compete with, and challenge governmentally managed news’. It was the commercial stations ‘large enough and strong enough’ that maintained ‘a comprehensive newsgathering and broadcast capacity that best fulfills the medium’s public service obligations’
Background image of page 2
3 Russia As A Neo-authoritarian Media System: Defined ± As in traditional authoritarian systems, such as Salazar’s Portugal, pluralism in the media is tolerated, but there are limits, particularly onissues that are of central importance to the regime, such as national security and elections (Seaton and Pimlot, 1980). As was the case in Franco’s Spain, in many Latin American
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/31/2011 for the course MMC 3303 taught by Professor Surisc during the Fall '10 term at FIU.

Page1 / 7

Lessons from Russia notes - Lessons from Russia A...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online