Gaspari_Dermatitis_Eczema-1

Gaspari_Dermatitis_Eczema-1 - DERMATITIS AND ECZEMA:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: DERMATITIS AND ECZEMA: ITCHING FOR ANSWERS Anthony A. Gaspari, MD Shapiro Professor and Chair Department of Dermatology University of Maryland School of Medicine PURPOSE Understand functions of skin Understand inflammation in skin Understand types of dermatitis How it is diagnosed How it is treated FUNCTIONS OF SKIN Protect against infections, chemical toxins and physical agents (UV, ionizing radiation) Prevent insensible water loss Control body temperature (thermoregulation) Sensation, communication (psychosocial, sexual, endocrine functions) Self-regeneration and healing TERMINOLOGY Dermatitis = Dermat + itis refers to skin means inflamed (thus, inflamed skin) Other examples: arthritis, colitis, encephalitis, etc. TERMINOLOGY Eczema = Greek term To boil over Usually refers to severely inflamed dermatitis, and the signs and symptoms associated with such an acute process (itching, sting, burning of the skin with drainage from lesions) CARDINAL FEATURES OF INFLAMMATION Calor (warmth) - increased blood flow Rubor (redness) -dilated blood vessels Dolor (pain)- irritation of nerves in inflamed tissues TYPES OF DERMATITIS Allergic contact dermatitis Irritant contact dermatitis Atopic dermatitis Other types IMPACT OF CONTACT DERMATITIS T-lymphocyte-mediated type IV allergic reaction Commonest specific skin disorder encountered Second commonest dermatosis encountered in Dermatologist office 30% of all occupational disease USA annual cost $250 million/year COMMON ALLERGENS Nickel Jewelry, foods Benzocaine anesthetics Fragrance perfumes, personal care products Mercaptomix...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 01/02/2012 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

Page1 / 32

Gaspari_Dermatitis_Eczema-1 - DERMATITIS AND ECZEMA:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online