lesson 4 obesity

lesson 4 obesity - Lesson 4 : Nutrition Disorders Obesity...

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Lesson 4 : Nutrition Disorders Obesity and health consequences
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Physical Activity, Calories and Obesity: Physical Activity, Calories and Obesity: The Challenge of Advances in Technology The Challenge of Advances in Technology The epidemic of obesity, diabetes and the  metabolic syndrome Technology and reduced physical activity  Technology and the availability of calories   The need for integrated solutions
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Obesity: definition Chronic disease characterized by accumulation of fat. Obesity is defined as a condition when ideal body weight is exceeded by 20% Medical condition responsible for serious co- morbidity and mortality.
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Psychosocial consequence Economical impact of obesity Prejudice and Discrimination Considered lazy, incompetent and more often absent due to illness Confronted with more problems at job application : Very few executive managers with overweight in the US
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Epidemiology 0 10 10 20 20 30 30 40 40 50 50 1960 1960 1970 1970 1980 1980 1990 2000 2000 2010 2020 2020 2030 2030 USA USA England England Mauritius Mauritius Australia Brazil Brazil Population Population percentage with BMI BMI > 30kg/m 30kg/m 2 Obesity rates: current and projected
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Collated by the IOTF from recent surveys Collated by the IOTF from recent surveys Yugoslavia Yugoslavia Greece Greece Romania Romania Czech Rep. Czech Rep. England England Finland Finland Germany Germany Scotland Scotland Slovakia Slovakia Portugal Portugal Spain Denmark Denmark Belgium Belgium Sweden Sweden France France Italy Italy Netherlands Netherlands Norway Hungary Hungary Switzerland Switzerland % BMI  % BMI  > > 30 30 30 30 40 40 30 30 0 0 40 40 20 20 10 10 10 10 20 20 Male and Female Obesity Levels in Selected European Countries Women Women Men Men
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       <10%            10-15%            >15% <10%            10-15%            >15%   Prevalence of Obesity among U.S.  Prevalence of Obesity among U.S.  Adults, BRFSS, 1990 Adults, BRFSS, 1990       (BMI > 30) Height Weight 152 (60) 69 (153) 167 (66) 84 (186) 178 (70) 94 (207) BMI = 30
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       <10% <10%     10-15%     10-15%      >15%      >15%   Prevalence of Obesity among U.S.  Prevalence of Obesity among U.S.  Adults, BRFSS, 1991 Adults, BRFSS, 1991
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       <10%             10-15% <10%             10-15%            >15%            >15%   Prevalence of Obesity among U.S.  Prevalence of Obesity among U.S.  Adults, BRFSS, 1996 Adults, BRFSS, 1996
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       <10% <10%  10-15%  10-15%                    >15%                    >15%   Prevalence of Obesity among U.S.  Prevalence of Obesity among U.S.  Adults, BRFSS, 1999 Adults, BRFSS, 1999 Prevalence in 2000 = 30.5%
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1980s = X generation 1990s = Y generation 2000s = XXL generation The Developing Generations
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Source: Mokdad et al.,  Diabetes Care  2000;23:1278-83.
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This note was uploaded on 01/02/2012 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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lesson 4 obesity - Lesson 4 : Nutrition Disorders Obesity...

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