Smallpox 11.01.48 PM

Smallpox 11.01.48 PM - Smallpox Charlotte McKinley Jessica...

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Unformatted text preview: Smallpox Charlotte McKinley Jessica Midence Izabella Messina Smallpox is a serious, contagious and sometimes fatal disease. There is no specific treatment for smallpox, and the only prevention is vaccination. The name smallpox is derived from the latin word spotted and refers to the raised bumps that appear on the face and body of an infected person. Smallpox is in the Orthopoxvirus genus of viruses. Smallpox Origin of Smallpox The name Variola was first used in the 6th century. Derived from the Latin word varius (spotted) or varus (pimple). Anglo-Saxons in the 10th century used the word poc or pocca (bag or pouch) to describe an exanthemous disease, possibly smallpox. In the 15th century, the English used the prefix small to distinguish variola the smallpox from syphilis, the great pox. First Case of Smallpox There is no animal reservoir, and no human carriers. First certain evidence comes from the mummified remains of Ramses. (1157 B.C.) Written descriptions did not appear until the 10th century in Southwestern Asia. Smallpox Travel Smallpox was likely carried from Egyptian traders to India during the millennium B.C. where it became established as an endemic infection. Epidemics of the disease can be found in the bible, and in ancient Greek and Roman literature. From Asia and Africa smallpox spread with increasing frequency into less populous areas, and then into Europe. Smallpox in the Ancient World Peloponnesian Wars (430 B.C.) Thucydides recorded smallpox symptoms. A person aboard a ship from North Africa came to Athens infected with smallpox. Described as violent heats, unnatural, putrid odors, stomach distress, and the body covered with small pustules and ulcers. Also noted that those who survived became immune. Smallpox in the New World In the early 16th century smallpox began to imported into the western hemisphere. The Spanish inadvertently owe success in conquering the Aztec and Incas in Mexico to smallpox. Smallpox arrived in North America via Canada, and Mexico. Smallpox as Biological Warfare Lord Jeffrey Amherst, Commanding General of British Forces in North America during the French and Indian War. (1754-1763) Used blankets (smallpox blankets) coated with smallpox dust as germ warfare to wipe out the Native American population. History of Variolation and Vaccine Known that survivors became immune to the disease. As a result, physicians intentionally infected healthy persons with smallpox organisms. Variolation is the act of taking samples (pus from pustules or ground scabs) from patients whose disease had been benign, and introducing it into others through the nose or skin. Survival Rates with Variolation Two to Three percent of variolated persons died of smallpox, became the source of a new epidemic, or developed other illnesses from the lymph of the donor such as tuberculosis or syphilis.donor such as tuberculosis or syphilis....
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This note was uploaded on 01/02/2012 for the course STEP 1 taught by Professor Dr.aslam during the Fall '11 term at Montgomery College.

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Smallpox 11.01.48 PM - Smallpox Charlotte McKinley Jessica...

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