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Transportation_modes

Transportation_modes - Dr A A Trani Introduction to...

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Unformatted text preview: Dr. A. A. Trani January 20, 2004 Introduction to Transportation Engineering Transportation as a System Topics for Discussion • Transportation modes • Progress in transportation • Extend of transportation systems in the country • Basic statistics • Transportation measures of effectiveness Milestones in Transportation • Coaches appear in London around 1600 • Public coach (1642) in Paris • Pipelines in the U.S. (1825) • Railroad appears in England (1825) • Horse-drawn omnibus (1826) in Nantes and London • First subway line (1863 to 1890) in London • Internal combustion engine (1866) – First automobile (Daimler and Benz) same year • First electric tramway in Berlin (1881) • First fight (1903) in U.S. • Diesel-electric locomotive (1921) • Trans-Atlantic fight (1927) Milestones in Transportation • Diesel buses (1939) • First highway in U.S. (1940) - Germany had a more developed system • Interstate Highway System (1950) • First commercial jet aircraft (1951 - British Comet I) – The author mentions 1958 - year when Boeing introduced the Boeing 707 in the U.S. • Man on the moon (1969) • Supersonic commercial ¡ights (1972) • Automation (1960-1970s) – Traf¢c signals – Air traf¢c control – Automated train control (automated people movers, auto brake protection in subway systems) • Use of microcomputers for traf¢c signals and air traf¢c control Milestones in Transportation • Air bags are introduced (as an option) by General Motors (1975) • Chrysler introduces the air bag as a standard (1988) • Smart actuators and trafFc signals (1980s) • Global Positioning System (1993) • Use of satellite navigation and communication in aircraft ¡ying over the oceans (1996) • ¢irst ¡ight test of a rocket-powered orbital transportation vehicle (Space Ship 1) (2003) Major Transportation Systems • Continuous fow – Pipelines, Elevators • Highway – Truck, Buses, Auto, Bicycles • Rail – Railroad, Rail transit • Air – Commercial carriers, general aviation • Waterway – Ships, barges, hovercraFt, hydroFoils Major Transportation Systems Elements of Any Transportation System • Links – Pipelines, highways, airways • Vehicles – Buses, cars, aircraft, ships, belts, etc. • Terminals – Airports, bus stops, loading docks • Management and labor – people Why do People Travel?...
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Transportation_modes - Dr A A Trani Introduction to...

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