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air_transportation_history_2010

air_transportation_history_2010 - History of Air...

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Virginia Tech History of Air Transportation Dr. Antonio A. Trani Professor Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering August 27, 2010
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Virginia Tech 2 Early Developments 1903 - Wright Brothers’ fi rst fl ight in North Carolina 1916 - First air mail service (Army) 1918 - US Postal Service takes over the mail system 1925 - Kelly Act (Air Mail Act) - allows private operators into the air mail service 1926 - President Coolidge signs the fi rst Air Commerce Act - Establishes aids to air navigation - Provided authority for traf fi c rules - Mandatory registration of aircraft providing air services - Certi fi cation of airmen 1927 - Pan American World Airways services Miami-La Habana (Cuba)
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Virginia Tech 3 Early Commercial Aircraft Development (20-30’s) The late twenties and early thirties introduces important advances in aircraft construction methods (monocoque and aluminum) Ford (Fokker) Trimotor 175 kph Runway length = 600 m 10-12 passengers
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Virginia Tech 4 Early Developments (II) 1930s - U.S., Latin America and Europe airlines fl ourish 1935 - First air traf fi c control facility (Newark) 1936 - The Douglas DC-3 goes into service Cruise speed = 300 kph 21-32 passengers 11,000 built Some still fly today Runway length = 800 m Douglas DC-3
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Virginia Tech 5 Early Airlines The fi rst airlines appear in Europe and the U.S. Several Latin American carriers also start service in the late 20’s and early 30’s
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Virginia Tech 6 Early Airports In the 30’s airports start adding concrete runways (400-900 m.) Large fl ying boats required well prepared facilities Tampa Bay Seaport (circa 1930) (Blankenship, 1967)
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Virginia Tech 7 WWII Period 1938 - President Roosevelt creates the CAA (Civil Aeronautics Authority) through the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938 1939 - CAA splits into CAA and CAB (Civil Aeronautics Board) 1939-1945 Aircraft development during WWII 1939-1945 Hundreds of low cost airports are created around the country to train pilots 1945-1947 Availability of surplus aircraft (specially many C-47 or DC-3) 500 airports are turned to local and state authorities
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Virginia Tech 8 End of WWII Circa Aircraft 1946 - The Douglas DC-6 is introduced Several four engine, (piston) powered aircraft become the mainstay of the commercial aircraft fl eet Cruise speed = 550 kph 45-65 passengers 300 built Some still fly today
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