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21FolkRevival - timeline 1920s-30s"Jazz Age Prohibition...

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6/6/07 1 Lecture 21, Nov. 8 Folk revivals and the socio-political uses of folk music http://www.jibjab.com/originals/this_land look for next syllabus installment & listening assignment later today 6/6/07 2 timeline 1920s-30s: “Jazz Age,” Prohibition, then Depression emergence of political Left & labor movement Roosevelt’s New Deal & WPA 1940s: World War II; post-war prosperity 1950s: Cold War, right wing paranoia & control McCarthyism & blacklisting of performers suspected of Communist ties early Civil Rights Movement successes 1960s: Vietnam War, counterculture, peace movement, more Civil Rights Movement successes 6/6/07 3 What is a revival? revival = bringing music “back to life” music is “dead” when no longer played contrasts with ongoing musical practices tends to value “authenticity” = faithful to earlier models models may include marginalized performers, notation, recordings, descriptions, etc. revivalists may therefore try to “freeze” a music but revival involves adaptation of old music for new audiences through new media in new performance contexts requiring musical innovations 6/6/07 4 20th Century American Folk Revivals 1920s to 1930s — first folk revival 1950s to 1960s — second folk revival 1990s-present — “Roots music”, “O Brother” phenomenon urban phenomenon celebrating return to rural roots alternative to mainstream music ( = swing in the 30’s; rock in the 50’s and 60’s; mainstream pop in the 90s) folk music often seen as a tool for social and political action Each revival involved a network of venues, promoters, performers, & audiences.
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6/6/07 5 New Contexts: Folk Festivals, Concert Halls, etc. audiences: often urban, middle class youth participation encouraged, some became performers music: various styles & repertoire used as building blocks for a concert bring together regionally & racially diverse performers link between African- and Anglo-American traditions performers: showcase marginalized musicians
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