20%20Jazz,Music%20industry,R_B,R_R

20%20Jazz,Music%20industry,R_B,R_R - Tin Pan Alley center...

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11/6/07 1 Lecture 20 Jazz, Music Industry, Rhythm & Blues, Rock & Roll 11/6/07 2 Tin Pan Alley center of American music industry (1890s-1950s) located in Manhattan, New York music publishing houses in early 20th century earned biggest profits from sheet music bought up publishing rights from others employed staff of song writers and piano players + singers to “plug” songs because Americans were still playing music for themselves 11/6/07 3 Tin Pan Alley song form Tin Pan Alley published various types of songs “Honeysuckle Rose” exemplifies most common conventional song form: 32 bars long: four 8-bar phrases - AA’BA pattern of repetition and contrast third phrase (B) changes melody & key or contrasts in other ways (composed 1929 by Thomas “Fats” Waller (1904-1943) note piano style, pre-electric guitar 11/6/07 4 Goodman’s version of “Honeysuckle Rose” (1939) reeds: clarinet, 2 alto & 2 tenor saxophones brass: 3 trumpets & 3 trombones rhythm section: bass, piano, guitar, drum set detailed arrangement includes composed accompaniments for improvised solos call & response between brass (trumpets and trombones) & reed (saxophones and clarinets) riff = jazz term for ostinato (repeated figure), often repeated over changing chords riffs were extremely common in swing era jazz example: final chorus of Goodman’s Honeysuckle Rose
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11/6/07 5 Blues in Jazz
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