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BMB170a_2011_LECTURE2

BMB170a_2011_LECTURE2 - "!$&/0$12 304/5-0 67 809 6...

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[email protected]@+&?=-.J01+>.1=2+G52/+>0+ 2*<2R0=+E0$/&0-+$1/-*[email protected]@*-+.-+ >[email protected]/H+ H N C! C O C! N H 2.8Å O C H N C O O C C! N H C! e02/-$4/0=+/.-2$.1+*[email protected]++ O Ca C Ca C N H Ca H N ! " O A D AD /.-2$.1+*[email protected]+=0R1$<.1+ B C ! 0D/[email protected]?909<=0+4&*$1+), *+Y+'Z){+ B,C ! K.-2$.1+*[email protected]+-02/-$4<.12+ A B "6 R12 R ) # R &12 # R & 6 , = E min +"% min ( + 2% min ( . $ R '*$ R ' e+ U ( R) = energy (kJ/mole) 10 8 Q.-+1.1C>.1=0=++ + +%[[[%+J-.592+ cG$1+U):'+C+):Z+Fi#[email protected]+ eG$1+U+N:Z+w+ 6 methane 4 argon 2 0 3 4 5 6 7 8 -2 separation (Å) 90-G$22$>@0+),*+L*@502+*-0+010-J0<4*@@?+Q*L.-*>@0+ /.-2$.1+*[email protected]+S$/&+>*=+4.1/*4/2+*-0+=$2Q*L.-0=+ e*G*4&*1=-*1+,@./+ *@@.S0=+/.-2$.1+*[email protected]+.Q+/&0+ [email protected]?909<=0+4&*$1+ + "+ !+ r:O:+e*G*4&*1=-*1+ |||+m3V+%mOqcOKpmO+\me+kOr3c8+ e*G*4&*1=-*1+/9&21+<=>+E';PNH+(7+;XC;+ e*G*4&*1=-*1+ G.-0+-0R10=+ T0+520+/&$2+4.1L01<.1:+ 200+a.+/9&21+?*0([email protected]))NH'6g6X)Z+ e*G*4&*1=-*[email protected]/+ [email protected]?7,-.+ 92$+ a.+/9&21+?*0([email protected]))NH'6g6X)Z+ [email protected]?+ 9&$+ &l9g##D-*?:>G4:55:20#J0-*-=#259G*/#[email protected]?9-.}-*G9:J$Q+ ,-.+ 8$=0+4&*$1+/.-2$.1+*[email protected]+E-./*G0-2H+ ++++'+=024-$>02+-./*<.1+*>.5/+/&0+%!C%"+>.1=+ N H N C! H C" H N H C! C" CO H H C" CO H CO H C! H #1 = +60˚ least pop. g- #1 = 180˚ intermed. trans #1 = -60˚ favored g+ 4*1+*@2.+&*[email protected]$1J+.Q+G*$14&*$1#2$=04&*$1+/.-2$.1+*[email protected]+ %&*F-*>*-<+h+,*@+,-.J+!$.9&?2+"[email protected][email protected]+E6))'H(Pg'+ [email protected]@[email protected]*-+2/-54/5-02+E204.1=*-?+2/-54/5-02H+ -090*/0=+),*+L*@502+$1+*@@.S0=+-0J$.12+.Q+e*G*4&*1=-*[email protected]/+ ,+Y+9$/4&+E-090*/+=$2/*140+*@.1J+&[email protected]$DH+ + =+Y+-$20+90-+-02$=50+*@.1J+&[email protected]$D+ + 1+Y+15G>0-+.Q+-02$=502+$1+.10+&[email protected]$4*@+/5-1+ + (!+Y+-./*<.1+*[email protected]+90-+-02$=50+*@.1J+&[email protected]$D+ +++++E1./0g+/&$2+(+$2+=$j0-01/+/&*1+/&0++ ++++++909<=0+>[email protected]*1*-$/?+/.-2$.1+*[email protected]+ + ,+Y+=[1+ (!Y+NP){#1+ V$4F0-2.1+h+r0$27+)9":$9:"/&27;&8$<#7&#=&!"#9/074&E';P;H+ C"%$. $. [email protected]*<.12&$9+>0/S001+), *+*1=+=71+ #" & #) + * & #) +* & cos% ( = +0.817sin% ( + 0.045sin% ( $2' $2' $2' #" & #) + * & #) +* & d sin% ( = +2.967cos% + 0.664 cos% ( ( $2' $2' $2' D"%$. " = 360˚/ n D"%$. V$4F0-2.1+h+r0$27+)9":$9:"/&27;& 8$<#7&#=&!"#9/074&E';P;H+ $. C"%$. [email protected]$4*@+&[email protected]$402+ K&0+!C&[email protected]$D+ ,Ok8+E';X'H+N(g6)XC6''+ ,*[email protected]$1J+*1=+ %.-0?+%,b+ •! -$J&/[email protected]~+ &*1=0=W+ •! 2$=0+4&*$1+ 9.2$<.1W+ & E!. G. E. F ,*[email protected]$1J2+&[email protected]$D+ e $ 4 & * - =+ " * - 2 & 7+ . 1 0+ . 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