Endocrine Outline

Endocrine Outline - Chapter 18: The Endocrine System I. An...

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I. An Overview of the Endocrine System A. Objectives 1. Compare the cellular components of the endocrine system with those of other tissues and systems. 2. Compare the major structural classes of hormones. 3. Explain the general mechanisms of hormonal action. 4. Describe how endocrine organs are controlled. a. paracrine communication b. hormones c. target cells B. Classes of Hormones 1. Amino Acid Derivatives 2. Peptide Hormones 3. Lipid Derivatives a. Eicosanoids i. eicosanoids ii. leukotrienes iii. prostaglandins iv. thromboxanes v. prostacyclins b. Steroid Hormones C. Mechanisms of Hormone Action 1. Hormones and Cell Membrane Receptors a. First and Second Messengers i. first messenger ii. second messenger iii. down-regulation iv. up-regulation v. G protein b. G Proteins and cAMP i. adenylate cyclase ii. phosphodiesterase (PDE) 2. Hormones and Intracellular Receptors D. Control of Endocrine Activity a. endocrine reflexes 1. Endocrine Reflexes a. regulatory hormones II. The Pituitary Gland A. Objectives 1. Describe the location and structure of the pituitary gland and explain its structural and functional relationships with the hypothalamus. 2. Identify the hormones produced by the anterior and posterior lobes of
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This note was uploaded on 12/29/2011 for the course BIOLOGY 24011 taught by Professor Pan during the Fall '11 term at HCCS.

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Endocrine Outline - Chapter 18: The Endocrine System I. An...

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