1Ch. 6 – Osseous (Bony) Tissue and Bone Structure•Elements of the skeletal system:– The bones of the skeleton (~ 206 of them!)– Cartilages, ligaments, and other CTs that stabilize and connect the bones• Functions:– Physical/structural support–Storageof minerals (calcium and phosphorus) and lipids/energy (in yellow marrow)–Blood cell production(via hemopoiesis in red marrow)–Protection(of soft internal body parts)–Leveragefor movement (via muscles pulling on bones)Fig. 6-1, p. 186Bone shapes•Long bones– have distinct ends and a shaft; found in the limbs•Flat bones–relatively thin; protective•Short bones– small and cube-like•Irregular bones–none of the above; have a more complex shape•Sesamoid bones–found embedded within tendons•Sutural(Wormian) bones– tiny and jagged; = “islands” of bone found within cranial sutures
has intentionally blurred sections.
Sign up to view the full version.