chapter3

chapter3 - T H E O R I E S WHY THE NEED FOR THEORY AND...

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Unformatted text preview: T H E O R I E S WHY THE NEED FOR THEORY AND RESEARCH? • THEORY AND RESEARCH – HELP US UNDERSTAND OURSELVES AND OUR FAMILIES • SHOULD WE USE PUNISHMENT WITH KIDS? • WHAT KINDS OF PUNISHMENT ARE EFFECTIVE? – THEY CAN MAKE US BETTER INFORMED “CONSUMERS” AS WE MAKE CHANGES WITHIN OUR OWN LIVES AND BELIEF SYSTEMS ABOUT SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS – WHAT INFORMATION DO WE NEED TO PROTECT OURSELVES AND OUR FAMILIES? WITHOUT THESE THINGS YOU CAN REALLY OPEN A CAN OF…… YOU GOT IT! THEORY • …A SET OF LOGICALLY RELATED STATEMENTS THAT TRY TO EXPLAIN WHY A PHENOMENON OCCURS • AN EXAMPLE: – ONE REASON WHY YOUNG PERSONS GET INVOLVED IN GANG-RELATED ACTIVITIES IS DUE TO WHAT THEY PERCEIVE AS A LACK OF LEGITIMATE OPPORTUNITIES E X PL A IN M E ! • ECOLOGICAL REFERS TO “PLACE OF RESIDENCE” – URBAN ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH IN THE 1940s USING CHICAGO NEIGHBORHOODS AS LABORATORIES • UNDERSTANDING MARRIAGES – MICROSYSTEM • INDIVIDUAL BEHAVIOR AND ROLES – EXOSYSTEMS AND MACROSYSTEMS •...
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chapter3 - T H E O R I E S WHY THE NEED FOR THEORY AND...

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