Soln311 (1) - Solutions for Homework * Accounting 311 Cost...

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Solutions for Homework ** Accounting 311 Cost ** CHAPTER 1 1-1 Management accounting measures, analyzes and reports financial and nonfinancial information that helps managers make decisions to fulfill the goals of an organization. It focuses on internal reporting and is not restricted by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Financial accounting focuses on reporting to external parties such as investors, government agencies, and banks. It measures and records business transactions and provides financial statements that are based on generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Other differences include (1) management accounting emphasizes the future (not the past), and (2) management accounting influences the behavior of managers and other employees (rather than primarily reporting economic events). 1-2 Financial accounting is constrained by generally accepted accounting principles. Management accounting is not restricted to these principles. The result is that: management accounting allows managers to charge interest on owners’ capital to help judge a division’s performance, even though such a charge is not allowed under GAAP, management accounting can include assets or liabilities (such as “brand names” developed internally) not recognized under GAAP, and management accounting can use asset or liability measurement rules (such as present values or resale prices) not permitted under GAAP. 1-5 Supply chain describes the flow of goods, services, and information from the initial sources of materials and services to the delivery of products to consumers, regardless of whether those activities occur in the same organization or in other organizations. Cost management is most effective when it integrates and coordinates activities across all companies in the supply chain as well as across each business function in an individual company’s value chain. Attempts are made to restructure all cost areas to be more cost-effective. 1-14 The Institute of Management Accountants (IMA) sets standards of ethical conduct for management accountants in the following areas: Competence Confidentiality Integrity Credibility Managerial “Cost” Accounting (Acctg. 311) Homework solutions 1
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1-29 (30–40 min.) Professional ethics and end-of-year actions. 1. The possible motivations for the snack foods division wanting to take end-of-year actions include: (a) Management incentives. Gourmet Foods may have a division bonus scheme based on one-year reported division earnings. Efforts to front-end revenue into the current year or transfer costs into the next year can increase this bonus. (b) Promotion opportunities and job security. Top management of Gourmet Foods likely will view those division managers that deliver high reported earnings growth rates as being the best prospects for promotion. Division managers who deliver “unwelcome surprises” may be viewed as less capable.
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Soln311 (1) - Solutions for Homework * Accounting 311 Cost...

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