ITPM - Chapter 1: The Nature of Information Technology...

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Chapter 1: The Nature of Information Technology Projects True/False 1. According to the CHAOS study, most IT projects are completed on time but over budget. 2. According to the CHAOS study, an impaired project is one that is cancelled before completion. 3. A lack of user input or involvement is one of the leading causes of impaired or challenged projects. 4. The Socio-Technical Approach has been adopted by many organizations because historically, more attention has been placed on the societal effects of IT projects than the technical aspects. 5. Using project management principles as part of a methodology for systems development places a greater emphasis on team selection for project success. 6. According to Harold Kerzner, successful companies don’t terminate projects early if the resources to complete them are available. 7. Only the most successful projects are likely to lead to best practices. 8. The triple constraint relationship implies that owners, stakeholders and sponsors must communicate effectively to help ensure project success. 9. Having subject matter experts on a development team is more productive than having technical people learn the subject matter that comprises the project. 10. Assumptions are what we use to estimate scope, schedule and budget and to assess the risks of the project. 11. The project life cycle phases should have at least one deliverable at the end of each phase. 1
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12. Stage gates are phases that require the addition of resources before progressing to the next logical stage or phase. 13. A baseline plan defines the agreed upon scope, schedule, and budget of a project. 14. The most common product life cycle in IT is the Systems Development Life Cycle. 15. A system that is developed using the project life cycle methodologies is called a legacy system. 16. The waterfall method is one of the structured approaches to systems development. 17. The waterfall method of systems development is named for the “trickle down” effect of phased in resources. 18. Prototyping is both iterative in nature and a rapid application development approach. 19. The project life cycle is really a subset of the systems development life cycle. 20. The Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge provides a basis for identifying and describing the generally accepted principles of project management. 2
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Multiple Choice 1. The software crisis as reported by the CHAOS study focused on the fact that: a) computer processing power has increased significantly more than our ability to develop software applications to exploit that power. b) although the 1970’s and 1980’s were marked by large numbers of impaired projects, the 1990’s saw a reversal of this trend. c)
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ITPM - Chapter 1: The Nature of Information Technology...

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