Z - 547 INDEX A Absolute atmospheric pressure 82–83 See...

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Unformatted text preview: 547 INDEX A Absolute atmospheric pressure, 82–83. See also Atmospheric pressure profile Absolute humidity, see Vapor density Active conditions, 10 Active earth pressure, 301–313. See also Lateral earth pressure Active limit state, 320 Active zone (unsaturated), 195, 267–268 Adsorbed film, 41, 152 Adsorbed water, 51 Adsorption capillary tube model for, 115–118 mechanisms, 41, 42 Air bubbles, 31, 327, 423 and axis translation testing, 366, 367 occluded, 183, 327 Air conductivity, 56, 329, 331–332, 336, 366, 463 Air density, see Density Air diffusion in axis translation system, 366–367 in water, 363–366 Air permeability, determination of, 407– 412 Air pressure amplitude, 404, 410 amplitude ratio, 406, 408 fluctuation, 326 Air viscosity, see Viscosity Air-entry head, 30, 136, 137, 140, 143, 348, 497 Air-entry pressure, 40–42, 199, 201, 203, 205, 241, 243, 252, 333, 340, 423, 495, 496, 497, 499 of HAE ceramic disk(s), 202–205, 421 Air-expulsion pressure, 243 Air-filled porosity, 396, 406, 409 Air-water interface, 9, 34, 35, 41, 204 Air-water-solid interface, 9, 96, 97, 101– 104, 160 Air-water-HAE system, 202–203 Amplitude ratio, air pressure, 406, 408 Angular velocity, 472 Annual precipitation, 13 net as a function of latitude, 15 map of global average, 14 Apparent cohesion, 24, 26, 253. See also Capillary cohesion Argon, 58–59 Arid zones, 13 Atmospheric constant, moist, 82 Atmospheric pressure profile, 83, 85 Atmospheric vapor pressure, 66 At-rest or K condition, 21–23, 197. See also Lateral earth pressure Axis translation (technique(s)), 10, 201– 207, 417, 424–429 null tests, 206, 424 pressure plate(s), 425–427 Tempe cell(s), 427–429 B Barometric pressure, 50. See also Atmospheric pressure profile 548 INDEX Barometric pressure ( continued ) fluctuation, 57, 400–402 Barometric pumping, 10, 50, 402–412 Bearing capacity, 4, 7 factors, 26 Biological weathering, 13 Bishop’s effective stress parameter, see Effective stress parameter Bishop’s effective stress, 32, 164, 175, 179, 207, 213, 241, 252, 256 Boiling, definition, 80–81 Boltzmann transformation, 378–379, 478, 479, 481 Book, organization and scope, 8 Bubbling pressure, 203, 495. See also Air- entry pressure Bundled tubes, see Capillary tubes C Calcium carbonate (caliche), 18 Capacitance-based humidity sensor(s), 441–443 Capillarity, 7, 34, 128, 174, 175 Capillary adsorption regime, 41–42 Capillary barriers, 10, 341–349 breakthrough of, 344 critical head of, 344–345 diversion capacity of, 346, 347 diversion width of, 346, 347 efficiency of, 348 Capillary cohesion as a characteristic function, 252–261 definition, 252–253, 254, 256–261 determining, 256–261 Capillary condensation, 9, 111–114, 115, 116, 184 Capillary conductivity, 6 Capillary depression, 100 Capillary effects (on chemical potential), 34–36 Capillary finger(s), 136, 137 Capillary flow, 6, 184 Capillary force, 160–161, 176 Capillary fringe, 30, 137, 140, 142 Capillary mechanism(s), 40, 174...
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Z - 547 INDEX A Absolute atmospheric pressure 82–83 See...

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