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15_02_87 - l aboratory SolventS and other lIquId reaGentS...

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LABORATORY SOLVENTS AND OTHER LIQUID REAGENTS This table summarizes the properties of 575 liquids that are com- monly used in the laboratory as solvents or chemical reagents . The properties tabulated are: M r : Molecular weight t m : Melting point in °C t b : Normal boiling point in °C ρ : Density in g/mL at the temperature in °C indicated by the superscript η : Viscosity in mPa s (1 mPa s = 1 centipoise) ε : Dielectric constant at ambient temperature (15 to 30°C) μ: Dipole moment in D c p : Specific heat capacity of the liquid at constant pressure at 25°C in J/g K vp: Vapor pressure at 25°C in kPa (1 kPa = 7 .50 mmHg) FP: Flash point in °C Fl .Lim: Flammable (explosive) limit in air in percent by volume IT Autoignition temperature in °C TLV Threshold limit for allowable airborne concentration in parts per million by volume at 25°C and atmospheric pressure Data on the temperature dependence of viscosity, dielectric constant, and vapor pressure can be found in the pertinent tables in this Handbook References 1 . Lide, D . R ., Handbook of Organic Solvents, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1994 . 2 . Lide, D . R ., and Kehiaian, H . V ., Handbook of Thermophysical and Thermochemical Data , CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1994 . 3 . Riddick, J . A ., Bunger, W . B ., and Sakano, T . K ., Organic Solvents, Fourth Edition , John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1986 . 4 . Fire Protection Guide to Hazardous Materials, 11th Edition , National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA, 1994 . 5 . Urben, P . G ., Ed ., Bretherick’s Handbook of Reactive Chemical Hazards, 5th Edition , Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, 1995 . 6 . 2004 TLV’s and BEI’s , American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, 1330 Kemper Meadow Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45240-1634, 2004 . Name Mol. form. M r t m /°C t b /°C ρ /g mL -1 η /mPa s ε μ/D c p /J g -1 K -1 vp/kPa FP/ °C Fl. lim. IT/°C TLV/ppm Acetaldehyde C 2 H 4 O 44.052 -123.37 20.1 0.7834 18 21.0 2.750 2.020 120 -39 4-60% 175 25 Acetic acid C 2 H 4 O 2 60.052 16.64 117.9 1.0446 25 1.056 6.20 1.70 2.053 2.07 39 4-20% 463 10 Acetic anhydride C 4 H 6 O 3 102.089 -74.1 139.5 1.082 20 0.843 22.45 ≈ 2.8 1.648 0.680 49 2.7-10.3% 316 5 Acetone C 3 H 6 O 58.079 -94.7 56.05 0.7845 25 0.306 21.01 2.88 2.175 30.8 -20 3-13% 465 500 Acetone cyanohydrin C 4 H 7 NO 85.105 -19 95 0.932 19 74 2.2-12% 688 4.6 Acetonitrile C 2 H 3 N 41.052 -43.82 81.65 0.7857 20 0.369 36.64 3.92 2.229 11.9 6 3-16% 524 20 Acetophenone C 8 H 8 O 120.149 20.5 202 1.0281 20 1.681 17.44 3.02 1.703 0.049 77 570 10 Acetyl bromide C 2 H 3 BrO 122.948 -96 76 1.6625 16 16.2 Acetyl chloride C 2 H 3 ClO 78.497 -112.8 50.7 1.1051 20 0.368 15.8 2.72 1.491 38.4 4 390 Acrolein C 3 H 4 O 56.063 -87.7 52.6 0.840 20 3.1 36.2 -26 2.8-31% 220 0.1 Acrylic acid C 3 H 4 O 2 72.063 12.5 141 1.0511 20 2.022 0.53 50 2.4-8% 438 2 Acrylonitrile C 3 H 3 N 53.063 -83.48 77.3 0.8007 25 33.0 3.87 2.05 14.1 0 3-17% 481 2 Allyl alcohol C 3 H 6 O 58.079 -129 97.0 0.8540 20 1.218 19.7 1.60 2.392 3.14 21 3-18% 378 0.5 Allylamine C 3 H 7 N 57.095 -88.2 53.3 0.758 20 1.2 33.1 -29 2-22% 374 2-Amino-2-methyl-1- propanol C 4 H 11 NO 89.136 25.5 165.5 0.934 20 67 3-Amino-1-propanol C 3 H 9 NO 75.109 12.4 187.5 0.9824 26 80 Aniline C 6 H 7 N 93.127 -6.02 184.17 1.0217 20 3.85 7.06 1.13 2.061 0.090 70 1.3-11% 615 2 Anisole C 7 H 8 O 108.138 -37.13 153.7 0.9940 20 1.056 4.30 1.38 1.840 0.472 52 475 Antimony(V) chloride Cl 5 Sb 299.024 4 140 dec 2.34 3.222 Antimony(V) fluoride F 5 Sb 216.752 8.3 141 3.10 Arsenic(III) chloride AsCl 3 181.280 -16 130 2.150 1.59 5.38 Benzaldehyde C 7 H 6 O 106.122 -57.1 178.8 1.0401 25 17.85 3.0 1.621 0.169 63 192 Benzene C 6 H 6 78.112 5.49 80.09 0.8765 20 0.604 2.2825 0 1.741 12.7 -11 1-8% 498 0.5 Benzeneacetonitrile C 8 H 7 N 117.149 -23.8 233.5 1.0205 15 17.87 3.5 0.012 113 Benzeneethanamine C 8 H 11 N 121.180 <0 195 0.9640 25 Benzeneethanol C 8 H 10 O 122.164 -27 218.2 1.0202 20 12.31 2.068 0.01 96 Benzenemethanethiol C 7 H 8 S 124.204 -30 194.5 1.058 20 4.705 Benzenesulfonyl chloride
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