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02 Naming Follow Along

02 Naming Follow Along - Aim How are organic compounds...

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Aim: How are organic compounds named? : International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. Responsible for the organic compound naming system : compounds consisting of only ____________and ___________________ atoms : process of separating hydrocarbons based on _______________ : saturated hydrocarbons with all _________________ bonds between carbon atoms CH 4 , C 2 H 6 , C 3 H 8 ____________ : unsaturated hydrocarbons with one carbon-carbon _______________ bond present C 2 H 4 , C 3 H 6 , C 4 H 8 ____________ : unsaturated hydrocarbons with one carbon-carbon _______________ bond present C 2 H 2 , C 3 H 4 , C 4 H 6 ____________ How to name a compound: How many carbons are present? ______ What is the prefix? ________ What functional group is present? ______ What is the ending? _______ Where is the functional group located? _____ 1. Determine the _____________________ by counting the longest carbon chain in the structure. Prefix # of carbons Prefix # of carbons 1 6 2 7 3 8 4 9 5 10 2. Look for any _______________ present in the compound. If none are present, name the hydrocarbon. 3. If functional groups are present, _________________________ by using the smallest values possible.
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